If you or your clients are about to deploy to Mozambique, this sitrep can come handy and save your time in preparing the task.
Mozambique is facing many sociopolitical and environmental issues impacting the country's stability. The overall security situation is unstable by the heightened risk that includes threats of terrorism, civil unrest, crime, political violence, road accidents, infectious diseases, and natural disasters.
Facts about Mozambique
Mozambique is endowed with natural resources; most of them are yet to be explored. The fact of being rich in natural resources has caused more damage than good for Mozambique. Major foreign companies operating in the country's energy sector include Anadarko (sold its assets to Total in 2019), ENI, Total, ExxonMobil, BP, Shell, China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), and others. Considerable gas reserves were found off the coast of Mozambique's Cabo Delgado province in 2010; the province is now home to Africa's three largest liquid natural gas (LNG) projects: the Mozambique LNG Project (now Total, formerly Anadarko, worth $20bn), Coral FLNG Project (ENI and ExxonMobil, worth $4.7bn), and Rovuma LNG Project (ExxonMobil, ENI, and CNPC, worth $30bn); however, this province in northern Mozambique has been hit by the Islamist insurgency—an ongoing conflict between Islamist militants attempting to establish an Islamic state in the region and Mozambican security forces.
Security Situation in Mozambique
The security situation in Cabo Delgado has been deteriorated since 2019 due to the heightened risk of terrorism. Various armed groups linked to transnational terrorist organizations are active in Mozambique, including the ISIS-inspired Ahlu-Sunnah Wal Jama’at (Al-Sunnah) group that has attacked communities across Cabo Delgado, killing over several hundred people, and injuring many; also, Al Shabaab (not connected with the Somali Al Shabaab) has claimed responsibility for some attacks. Decapitations, mass kidnappings, and destruction of entire villages have caused some 100,000 people to flee the province. Extremists burnt government property including buildings, military assets, banks, and vehicles; as a result, the Mozambican government has deployed the military to Cabo Delgado. In 2019, the Russian private military company Wagner won a contract in Mozambique to provide security in the province and help fight the uprising. Anyway, none of these measures made a situation any safer; suspected terrorist attacks on villages in Cabo Delgado are likely to continue in the coming period.
There is a very high risk of civil riots in Mozambique since the rising costs of living, poverty, displacement, and unemployment. Political violence, protests, and clashes between the opposition party RENAMO and the ruler party FRELIMO can be triggered—especially during elections. Crime is increased in urban areas, particularly in the capital Maputo. In major cities, there has been an increased risk of pickpocketing, armed robbery, carjacking, and kidnapping.
Regarding the health risk in Mozambique, the yellow fever vaccination is required to enter the country; also, not required but recommended are the following immunizations: Hepatitis A and B, diphtheria, tetanus, polio, typhoid fever, and rabies; if traveling with kids, make sure that they have BCG and MMR shots. The public health system is poorly maintained and equipped in Mozambique; there are few hospitals; supplies of medicine are limited; only basic medical care is locally available; serious medical conditions require medevac to South Africa.
Road safety is a big concern in Mozambique due to road accidents caused by poor driving standards, bad road conditions, and violent crimes caused by hijackings and armed robbery; also, police patrols and checkpoints are common. Public transportation is unreliable and dangerous. Off the coast of Mozambique, there is a risk of piracy. All Mozambican airlines excluding LAM are on the list of banned airlines by the EU.
Concerning the risk of natural disasters, there are possible threats of cyclones in coastal areas, flash floods, and landslides in the Zambezi River basin.
The currency is the metical (MZN); the U.S. dollar and South African rand are the easiest currencies to exchange in banks or exchange offices. Mozambique is a left-side-driving country. Immediate cash payments are required for medical services. Internet is slow, and local internet providers are expensive. The voltage is 220V/50Hz. Water supply restriction is common in some areas. The climate is tropical; the average temperature is ranging from 26 °C to 31 °C during the rainy season (November–March) and from 15 °C to 20 °C during the dry season (April–October).
Security Assistance in Mozambique
With respect to traveling to Mozambique, you should plan your trip properly to prevent threats affiliated with traveling to this country; this includes developing a contingency plan for emergencies. Nemesis Protection Global LLC can help you ensure personal security by designing optimal risk management solutions and providing protective services to reduce location-specific risks. For all your security needs in Mozambique, get in touch with our regional team at firstname.lastname@example.org.